Lumbini is the birthplace of Gautama Buddha. Currently, this place belongs to Rupandehi district of Province No. 5. In various Buddhist texts, a forest called Lumbini is known as the birthplace of the Buddha.
BC In 249 A.D., the Mauryan emperor Ashoka made a pilgrimage to this place and inscriptions were engraved in the memoirs of this pilgrimage. Fahiyan, a Chinese traveler from the fifth century AD, and Hwensang, another Chinese traveler from the seventh century, gave details of this in their travelogues.
Archaeological excavations in 1896 uncovered the Ashoka Pillar and its inscription by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka. The name of the place is mentioned in the inscription as Lumbini.
The receipt of this record identifies Lumbini, the birthplace of Gautam Buddha, and since then it has been established that the birthplace of Gautam Buddha is located in Lumbini, Rupandehi district of Nepal Pradesh No. 5.